​​​Tips for maintaining your health after your operation​

​​​​​No matter what kind of heart operation you had, it is up to you to keep healthy. You may need to make some changes in your lifestyle after your operation to improve your health. Committing to heart-healthy choices is important and can be done one day at a time.

For bypass patients, it is important to modify your risk factors for coronary artery disease even after your operation. Coronary artery disease can still progress after your operation. Bypass grafts may block over time, or disease may develop in other arteries. Modifying your risk factors reduces this possibility.

Risk factors are conditions or habits that have been found to increase the chance that a person will develop coronary artery disease during their lifetime. The majority of risk factors for heart disease apply to both men and women.

We know that some risk factors are beyond our control. These include:

  • Family history (heredity)
  • Age
  • Gender

Other factors can be changed. These include:

  • Smoking
  • Blood pressure
  • Diet
  • High blood cholesterol
  • Lack of exercise
  • Diabetes
  • Stress

Make a commitment to learn more about your condition and make some choices to improve your health. To help maintain a healthy lifestyle, it is recommended that you:

  • Avoid smoking or second-hand smoke.
  • Maintain a healthy weight for your height.
  • Exercise regularly.
  • Look at ways to reduce emotional tension and stress.
  • Monitor other health conditions such as diabetes, high blood pressure and high cholesterol.
  • Take your medications as prescribed.
  • Keep appointments with your doctors to help monitor your health.
  • Eat a healthy diet. For example, follow Eating Well with Canada’s Food Guide​. For an individual assessment, see a registered dietician.
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