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Fixing holes and making patients whole again

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Fixing holes and making patients whole again
Helen Papatheodorou

​​​​​​Specialized implants and a minimally-invasive procedure gave two women back their lives

Helen Papatheodorou and Amira Eapen may be decades and thousands of kilometres apart, but for years the two women shared a common life-threatening health condition: a hole in the heart they were born with, but didn't learn about until much later in their lives.

Ms. Papatheodorou's condition was the result of a hole – called the foramen ovale – which usually closes immediately after birth, but in her case remained open. Ms. Eapen had an atrial septal defect caused by septal tissue failing to form between the upper chambers of her heart.